3rd ENSPOL Policy Brief "Energy efficiency policy mixes under Article 7"

Energy efficiency policy is expected to play a key role for meeting the European Union’s energy targets (particularly for reduced energy demand and reduced CO2 emissions) using a range of policy instrument combinations. However, most analyses undertaken so far have focused on single-policy measures rather than developing a more generic framework for assessing to what extent a particular policy mix is effective and under which specific conditions. Based on an assessment of the interaction of policies from MS under their Article 7 notifications to the EC, some policies seem to complement others, while in other cases we have overlaps that can hinder the effectiveness of the policy mixes. This policy brief presents lessons on how building policy mixes could be made more effective and efficient.